Monthly Archives: January 2009

6.7 THE QURAN ON STAGES OF HUMAN EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT

Scientifically Proving That Quran Is Word Of God and Responses From Our Non – Muslim Brethren:

1. First Proof – Life From Water in the Quran

2. Second Proof – Big Bang Theory in the Quran

3. Third Proof – Pairs in Plants in the Quran

4. Fourth Proof – Divisibility of Atom in the Quran

5. Fifth Proof – Creation of the Universe from Smoke in the Quran

6. Sixth Proof – Iron from Outer Space in the Quran

7. Seventh Proof – Stages of Human Embryonic development in the Quran

The Quran On Stages Of Human Embryonic Development:

This is the seventh proof that i am providing in my quest to prove that Quran is from God. In the Holy Quran, God speaks about the stages of man’s embryonic development:

“We created man from an extract of clay.  Then We made him as a drop in a place of settlement, firmly fixed.  Then We made the drop into an alaqah (leech, suspended thing, and blood clot), then We made the alaqah into a mudghah (chewed substance).”                          -Noble Quran, 23:12-14

The above verse gives the following steps in the human embryonic development:-

  • 1. Allah created man from an extract of clay
  • 2. Then We made him as a drop in a place of settlement, firmly fixed
  • 3. Then We made the drop into an alaqah (leech, suspended thing, and blood clot)
  • 4. then We made the alaqah into a mudghah (chewed substance)…

The first statement simply signifies that human beings are essentially composed of extracts of earth namely organic substances, minerals and salts etc. This is a general statement that is applicable to all living things. The second statement refers to the fertilized egg that is firmly lodged in the womb.

The third and fourth statement is where the scientific miracle unravels. It says “Then We made the drop into an alaqah (leech, suspended thing, and blood clot)

Literally, the Arabic word alaqah in the above statement has three meanings: (1) leech, (2) suspended thing, and (3) blood clot.

In comparing a leech to an embryo in the alaqah stage, we find similarity between the two as we can see in figure 1.

The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5th ed., p. 8.

Also, the embryo at this stage obtains nourishment from the blood of the mother, similar to the leech, which feeds on the blood of others.

Human Development as Described in the Quran and Sunnah, Moore and others, p. 36.

human-embryo-and-leech-comp

Figure 1: Drawings illustrating the similarities in appearance between a leech and a human embryo at the alaqah stage. (Leech drawing from Human Development as Described in the Quran and Sunnah, Moore and others, p. 37, modified from Integrated Principles of Zoology, Hickman and others.  Embryo drawing from The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5th ed., p. 73.)

The second meaning of the word alaqah is “suspended thing.”  This is what we can see in figures 2 and 3, the suspension of the embryo, during the alaqah stage, in the womb of the mother.

suspended-embryo-in-womb

Figure 2: We can see in this diagram the suspension of an embryo during the alaqah stage in the womb (uterus) of the mother. (The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5th ed., p. 66.)

suspended-embryo-in-womb-actual

Figure 3: In this photomicrograph, we can see the suspension of an embryo (marked B) during the alaqah stage (about 15 days old) in the womb of the mother.  The actual size of the embryo is about 0.6 mm. (The Developing Human, Moore, 3rd ed., p. 66, from Histology, Leeson and Leeson.)

The third meaning of the word alaqah is “blood clot.”  We find that the external appearance of the embryo and its sacs during the alaqah stage is similar to that of a blood clot.  This is due to the presence of relatively large amounts of blood present in the embryo during this stage [1] (see figure 4).  Also during this stage, the blood in the embryo does not circulate until the end of the third week. [2] Thus, the embryo at this stage is like a clot of blood.

(1) Human Development as Described in the Quran and Sunnah, Moore and others, pp. 37-38. (2) The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5th ed., p. 65.

cardio-embryo-blood-clot

Figure 4: Diagram of the primitive cardiovascular system in an embryo during the alaqah stage.  The external appearance of the embryo and its sacs is similar to that of a blood clot, due to the presence of relatively large amounts of blood present in the embryo. (The Developing Human, Moore, 5th ed., p. 65.)

So the three meanings of the word alaqah correspond accurately to the descriptions of the embryo at the alaqah stage mentioned in the noble Quran.

Moving on to the fourth statement which says “then We made the alaqah into a mudghah (chewed substance)…”   The Arabic word mudghah means “chewed substance.”  If one were to take a piece of gum and chew it in his or her mouth and then compare it with an embryo at the mudghah stage, we would conclude that the embryo at the mudghah stage acquires the appearance of a chewed substance.  This is because of the somites at the back of the embryo that “somewhat resemble teeth marks in a chewed substance.”  (see figures 5 and 6).

-The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5th ed., p. 8.

28-day-embryo

Figure 5: Photograph of an embryo at the mudghah stage (28 days old).  The embryo at this stage acquires the appearance of a chewed substance, because the somites at the back of the embryo somewhat resemble teeth marks in a chewed substance.  The actual size of the embryo is 4 mm. (The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5th ed., p. 82, from Professor Hideo Nishimura, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.)

embryo-and-gum

Figure 6: When comparing the appearance of an embryo at the mudghah stage with a piece of gum that has been chewed, we find similarity between the two.

A) Drawing of an embryo at the mudghah stage.  We can see here the somites at the back of the embryo that look like teeth marks. (The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5th ed., p. 79.)

B) Photograph of a piece of gum that has been chewed.

Why is this a scientific miracle?

This is a true scientific miracle because: –

  1. The alaqah stage (third statement) CAN ONLY AND ONLY be known with the help of powerful microscopes. The first true microscope was invented only around 1595 in Middelburg, Holland while the Quranic statement dates back to 610 AD

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microscope

  • 2. How could Muhammad have possibly known all this 1400 years ago, when scientists have only recently discovered this using advanced equipment and powerful microscopes which did not exist at that time? Hamm and Leeuwenhoek were the first scientists to observe human sperm cells (spermatozoa) using an improved microscope in 1677 (more than 1000 years after Muhammad ). They mistakenly thought that the sperm cell contained a miniature preformed human being that grew when it was deposited in the female genital tract while almost a 1000 years before them the noble Quran gave accurate descriptions.

-The Developing Human, Moore and Persaud, 5th ed., p. 9.

“Say: If the whole of mankind and Jinns were to gather together to produce the like of this Qur’an

they could not produce the like thereof                                                   even if they backed up each other with help                                            and support.”

-Noble Quran 17:88

Professor Emeritus Keith L. Moore (as of 1997) is one of the world’s most prominent scientists in the fields of anatomy and embryology and is the author of the book entitled The Developing Human, which has been translated into eight languages.   This book is a scientific reference work and was chosen by a special committee in the United States as the best book authored by one person.  Dr. Keith Moore is Professor Emeritus of Anatomy and Cell Biology at the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.  There, he was Associate Dean of Basic Sciences at the Faculty of Medicine and for 8 years was the Chairman of the Department of Anatomy.  In 1984, he received the most distinguished award presented in the field of anatomy in Canada, the J.C.B. Grant Award from the Canadian Association of Anatomists.  He has directed many international associations, such as the Canadian and American Association of Anatomists and the Council of the Union of Biological Sciences.

In 1981, during the Seventh Medical Conference in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, Professor Moore said: “It has been a great pleasure for me to help clarify statements in the Quran about human development.  It is clear to me that these statements must have come to Muhammad from God, because almost all of this knowledge was not discovered until many centuries later.  This proves to me that Muhammad must have been a messenger of God.” (To view the RealPlayer video of this comment click here).

Consequently, Professor Moore was asked the following question: “Does this mean that you believe that the Quran is the word of God?” He replied: “I find no difficulty in accepting this.” (In the above tape)

During one conference, Professor Moore stated: “….Because the staging of human embryos is complex, owing to the continuous process of change during development, it is proposed that a new system of classification could be developed using the terms mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah (what Muhammad  said, did, or approved of).  The proposed system is simple, comprehensive, and conforms with present embryological knowledge.  The intensive studies of the Quran and hadeeth (reliably transmitted reports by the Prophet Muhammad’s  companions of what he said, did, or approved of) in the last four years have revealed a system for classifying human embryos that is amazing since it was recorded in the seventh century A.D.  Although Aristotle, the founder of the science of embryology, realized that chick embryos developed in stages from his studies of hen’s eggs in the fourth century B.C., he did not give any details about these stages.  As far as it is known from the history of embryology, little was known about the staging and classification of human embryos until the twentieth century.  For this reason, the descriptions of the human embryo in the Quran cannot be based on scientific knowledge in the seventh century.   The only reasonable conclusion is: these descriptions were revealed to Muhammad from God.  He could not have known such details because he was an illiterate man with absolutely no scientific training.” (View the RealPlayer video of this comment).

“Seek ye the forgiveness of your Lord and                                               turn to Him in repentance;

that He may grant you enjoyment good (and true)for a term appointed…”

-Noble Quran 11:3

This article was taken from www.answering-christianity.com/ac.htm website. May Allah bless them all.

I hope you all send me your feedback on this article and i also hope that you strictly stick to the topic under discussion ie THE QURAN ON STAGES OF HUMAN EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT”.